Fix's reflections were soon interrupted by a succession of sharp whistles, which announced the arrival of the Mongolia. The porters and fellahs rushed down the quay, and a dozen boats pushed off from the shore to go and meet the steamer. Soon her gigantic hull appeared passing along between the banks, and eleven o'clock struck as she anchored in the road. She brought an unusual number of passengers, some of whom remained on deck to scan the picturesque panorama of the town, while the greater part disembarked in the boats, and landed on the quay. Fix took up a position, and carefully examined each face and figure which made its appearance.
Presently one of the passengers, after vigorously pushing his way through the importunate crowd of porters, came up to him and politely asked if he could point out the English consulate, at the same time showing a passport which he wished to have visaed. Fix, instinctivement, prit le passeport, et, d'un rapide coup d'oeil, il en lut le signalement. Fix instinctively took the passport, and with a rapid glance read the description of its bearer. La feuille trembla dans sa main. An involuntary motion of surprise nearly escaped him, for the description in the passport was identical with that of the bank robber which he had received from Scotland Yard.
The passenger bowed to Fix, and returned to the steamer. The detective passed down the quay, and rapidly made his way to the consul's office, where he was at once admitted to the presence of that official. And he narrated what had just passed concerning the passport. Fix," replied the consul, "I shall not be sorry to see the rascal's face; but perhaps he won't come here--that is, if he is the person you suppose him to be. A robber doesn't quite like to leave traces of his flight behind him; and, besides, he is not obliged to have his passport countersigned.
Passports are only good for annoying honest folks, and aiding in the flight of rogues. I assure you it will be quite the thing for him to do; but I hope you will not visa the passport. If the passport is genuine I have no right to refuse. But I cannot--" Le consul n'acheva pas sa phrase. The consul did not finish his sentence, for as he spoke a knock was heard at the door, and two strangers entered, one of whom was the servant whom Fix had met on the quay.
The other, who was his master, held out his passport with the request that the consul would do him the favour to visa it. The consul took the document and carefully read it, whilst Fix observed, or rather devoured, the stranger with his eyes from a corner of the room. Phileas Fogg? You know that a visa is useless, and that no passport is required? The consul proceeded to sign and date the passport, after which he added his official seal.
Fogg paid the customary fee, coldly bowed, and went out, followed by his servant. Do you think, consul, that this phlegmatic gentleman resembles, feature by feature, the robber whose description I have received? Excuse me for a little while, consul. Fix started off in search of Passepartout. Cependant Mr. Fogg, after leaving the consulate, repaired to the quay, gave some orders to Passepartout, went off to the Mongolia in a boat, and descended to his cabin. These dates were inscribed in an itinerary divided into columns, indicating the month, the day of the month, and the day for the stipulated and actual arrivals at each principal point Paris, Brindisi, Suez, Bombay, Calcutta, Singapore, Hong Kong, Yokohama, San Francisco, New York, and London--from the 2nd of October to the 21st of December; and giving a space for setting down the gain made or the loss suffered on arrival at each locality.
This methodical record thus contained an account of everything needed, and Mr. Fogg always knew whether he was behind-hand or in advance of his time. On this Friday, October 9th, he noted his arrival at Suez, and observed that he had as yet neither gained nor lost. He sat down quietly to breakfast in his cabin, never once thinking of inspecting the town, being one of those Englishmen who are wont to see foreign countries through the eyes of their domestics. Fix soon rejoined Passepartout, who was lounging and looking about on the quay, as if he did not feel that he, at least, was obliged not to see anything.
So this is Suez? Je ne peux y croire. Je le regrette! Nous sommes partis sans malles, avec un sac de nuit seulement. By the way, I must buy some shoes and shirts. We came away without trunks, only with a carpet-bag. Passepartout causait toujours. And they walked off together, Passepartout chatting volubly as they went along. Passepartout pulled out his big watch. Allons donc! Elle ne varie pas de cinq minutes par an. A family watch, monsieur, which has come down from my great-grandfather!
It doesn't vary five minutes in the year. It's a perfect chronometer, look you. Il faut avoir soin de remettre votre montre au midi de chaque pays. You ought to regulate your watch at noon in each country. C'est lui qui aura tort! The sun will be wrong, then! And the worthy fellow returned the watch to its fob with a defiant gesture. Last Friday at eight o'clock in the evening, Monsieur Fogg came home from his club, and three-quarters of an hour afterwards we were off.
Il fait le tour du monde! He is going round the world. Un pari, dit-il, mais, entre nous, je n'en crois rien. Cela n'aurait pas le sens commun. Il y a autre chose. He says it is on a wager; but, between us, I don't believe a word of it. That wouldn't be common sense. There's something else in the wind. Fogg is a character, is he? And he doesn't spare the money on the way, either: he has offered a large reward to the engineer of the Mongolia if he gets us to Bombay well in advance of time. The effect of these replies upon the already suspicious and excited detective may be imagined. The hasty departure from London soon after the robbery; the large sum carried by Mr.
Fogg; his eagerness to reach distant countries; the pretext of an eccentric and foolhardy bet--all confirmed Fix in his theory. He continued to pump poor Passepartout, and learned that he really knew little or nothing of his master, who lived a solitary existence in London, was said to be rich, though no one knew whence came his riches, and was mysterious and impenetrable in his affairs and habits. Fix felt sure that Phileas Fogg would not land at Suez, but was really going on to Bombay. Il vous faut encore une dizaine de jours de mer.
It is a ten days' voyage by sea. C'est que je vais vous dire I was going to tell you there's one thing that worries me-- my burner! I have calculated, monsieur, that I lose two shillings every four and twenty hours, exactly sixpence more than I earn; and you will understand that the longer our journey--" Fix comprit-il l'affaire du gaz?
C'est peu probable. Did Fix pay any attention to Passepartout's trouble about the gas? It is not probable. He was not listening, but was cogitating a project. Passepartout and he had now reached the shop, where Fix left his companion to make his purchases, after recommending him not to miss the steamer, and hurried back to the consulate. Now that he was fully convinced, Fix had quite recovered his equanimity. Je tiens mon homme.
Il se fait passer pour un excentrique qui veut faire le tour du monde en quatre-vingts jours.
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I have spotted my man. He passes himself off as an odd stick who is going round the world in eighty days. I have no idea; but listen to me. He reported in a few words the most important parts of his conversation with Passepartout. Et qu'allez-vous faire? And what are you going to do? Having uttered these words with a cool, careless air, the detective took leave of the consul, and repaired to the telegraph office, whence he sent the dispatch which we have seen to the London police office.
A quarter of an hour later found Fix, with a small bag in his hand, proceeding on board the Mongolia; and, ere many moments longer, the noble steamer rode out at full steam upon the waters of the Red Sea. The distance between Suez and Aden is precisely thirteen hundred and ten miles, and the regulations of the company allow the steamers one hundred and thirty-eight hours in which to traverse it.
The Mongolia, thanks to the vigorous exertions of the engineer, seemed likely, so rapid was her speed, to reach her destination considerably within that time. The greater part of the passengers from Brindisi were bound for India some for Bombay, others for Calcutta by way of Bombay, the nearest route thither, now that a railway crosses the Indian peninsula. Note de l'auteur. What with the military men, a number of rich young Englishmen on their travels, and the hospitable efforts of the purser, the time passed quickly on the Mongolia.
The best of fare was spread upon the cabin tables at breakfast, lunch, dinner, and the eight o'clock supper, and the ladies scrupulously changed their toilets twice a day; and the hours were whirled away, when the sea was tranquil, with music, dancing, and games. But the Red Sea is full of caprice, and often boisterous, like most long and narrow gulfs.
When the wind came from the African or Asian coast the Mongolia, with her long hull, rolled fearfully. Then the ladies speedily disappeared below; the pianos were silent; singing and dancing suddenly ceased. Yet the good ship ploughed straight on, unretarded by wind or wave, towards the straits of Bab-el-Mandeb. Que faisait Phileas Fogg pendant ce temps? What was Phileas Fogg doing all this time? It might be thought that, in his anxiety, he would be constantly watching the changes of the wind, the disorderly raging of the billows--every chance, in short, which might force the Mongolia to slacken her speed, and thus interrupt his journey.
On le voyait rarement sur le pont. But, if he thought of these possibilities, he did not betray the fact by any outward sign. Always the same impassible member of the Reform Club, whom no incident could surprise, as unvarying as the ship's chronometers, and seldom having the curiosity even to go upon the deck, he passed through the memorable scenes of the Red Sea with cold indifference; did not care to recognise the historic towns and villages which, along its borders, raised their picturesque outlines against the sky; and betrayed no fear of the dangers of the Arabic Gulf, which the old historians always spoke of with horror, and upon which the ancient navigators never ventured without propitiating the gods by ample sacrifices.
Puis il jouait au whist. How did this eccentric personage pass his time on the Mongolia? He made his four hearty meals every day, regardless of the most persistent rolling and pitching on the part of the steamer; and he played whist indefatigably. He had found partners as enthusiastic in the game as himself. A tax-collector, on the way to his post at Goa; the Rev. Decimus Smith, returning to his parish at Bombay; and a brigadier-general of the English army, who was about to rejoin his brigade at Benares, made up the party, and, with Mr.
Fogg, played whist by the hour together in absorbing silence. Il en prenait son parti. As for Passepartout, he, too, had escaped sea-sickness, and took his meals conscientiously in the forward cabin. He rather enjoyed the voyage, for he was well fed and well lodged, took a great interest in the scenes through which they were passing, and consoled himself with the delusion that his master's whim would end at Bombay. He was pleased, on the day after leaving Suez, to find on deck the obliging person with whom he had walked and chatted on the quays.
I quite recognise you. Where are you bound? Have you made this trip before? I am one of the agents of the Peninsular Company. Mosques, minarets, temples, fakirs, pagodas, tigers, snakes, elephants! I hope you will have ample time to see the sights. You see, a man of sound sense ought not to spend his life jumping from a steamer upon a railway train, and from a railway train upon a steamer again, pretending to make the tour of the world in eighty days! No; all these gymnastics, you may be sure, will cease at Bombay. Fogg is getting on well? Moi aussi, d'ailleurs. C'est l'air de la mer. I eat like a famished ogre; it's the sea air.
Il n'est pas curieux. Passepartout, that this pretended tour in eighty days may conceal some secret errand--perhaps a diplomatic mission? After this meeting, Passepartout and Fix got into the habit of chatting together, the latter making it a point to gain the worthy man's confidence. He frequently offered him a glass of whiskey or pale ale in the steamer bar-room, which Passepartout never failed to accept with graceful alacrity, mentally pronouncing Fix the best of good fellows.
Meanwhile the Mongolia was pushing forward rapidly; on the 13th, Mocha, surrounded by its ruined walls whereon date-trees were growing, was sighted, and on the mountains beyond were espied vast coffee-fields. Passepartout was ravished to behold this celebrated place, and thought that, with its circular walls and dismantled fort, it looked like an immense coffee-cup and saucer. The following night they passed through the Strait of Bab-el-Mandeb, which means in Arabic The Bridge of Tears, and the next day they put in at Steamer Point, north-west of Aden harbour, to take in coal.
This matter of fueling steamers is a serious one at such distances from the coal-mines; it costs the Peninsular Company some eight hundred thousand pounds a year. In these distant seas, coal is worth three or four pounds sterling a ton. The Mongolia had still sixteen hundred and fifty miles to traverse before reaching Bombay, and was obliged to remain four hours at Steamer Point to coal up. But this delay, as it was foreseen, did not affect Phileas Fogg's programme; besides, the Mongolia, instead of reaching Aden on the morning of the 15th, when she was due, arrived there on the evening of the 14th, a gain of fifteen hours.
Le gentleman voulait faire viser son passeport. Fogg and his servant went ashore at Aden to have the passport again visaed; Fix, unobserved, followed them. The visa procured, Mr. Fogg returned on board to resume his former habits. Passepartout, according to custom, sauntered about among the mixed population of Somalis, Banyans, Parsees, Jews, Arabs, and Europeans who comprise the twenty-five thousand inhabitants of Aden.
He gazed with wonder upon the fortifications which make this place the Gibraltar of the Indian Ocean, and the vast cisterns where the English engineers were still at work, two thousand years after the engineers of Solomon. Du reste, cette mer indienne lui fut favorable. Le vent tenait dans le nord-ouest. At six p. She had a hundred and sixty-eight hours in which to reach Bombay, and the sea was favourable, the wind being in the north-west, and all sails aiding the engine.
The steamer rolled but little, the ladies, in fresh toilets, reappeared on deck, and the singing and dancing were resumed. Le voyage s'accomplit donc dans les meilleures conditions. The trip was being accomplished most successfully, and Passepartout was enchanted with the congenial companion which chance had secured him in the person of the delightful Fix.
On Sunday, October 20th, towards noon, they came in sight of the Indian coast: two hours later the pilot came on board. A range of hills lay against the sky in the horizon, and soon the rows of palms which adorn Bombay came distinctly into view. The steamer entered the road formed by the islands in the bay, and at half-past four she hauled up at the quays of Bombay. Phileas Fogg was in the act of finishing the thirty-third rubber of the voyage, and his partner and himself having, by a bold stroke, captured all thirteen of the tricks, concluded this fine campaign with a brilliant victory.
Or, il y arrivait le The Mongolia was due at Bombay on the 22nd; she arrived on the 20th. This was a gain to Phileas Fogg of two days since his departure from London, and he calmly entered the fact in the itinerary, in the column of gains. Everybody knows that the great reversed triangle of land, with its base in the north and its apex in the south, which is called India, embraces fourteen hundred thousand square miles, upon which is spread unequally a population of one hundred and eighty millions of souls.
The British Crown exercises a real and despotic dominion over the larger portion of this vast country, and has a governor-general stationed at Calcutta, governors at Madras, Bombay, and in Bengal, and a lieutenant-governor at Agra. But British India, properly so called, only embraces seven hundred thousand square miles, and a population of from one hundred to one hundred and ten millions of inhabitants.
A considerable portion of India is still free from British authority; and there are certain ferocious rajahs in the interior who are absolutely independent. The celebrated East India Company was all-powerful from , when the English first gained a foothold on the spot where now stands the city of Madras, down to the time of the great Sepoy insurrection. It gradually annexed province after province, purchasing them of the native chiefs, whom it seldom paid, and appointed the governor-general and his subordinates, civil and military.
But the East India Company has now passed away, leaving the British possessions in India directly under the control of the Crown. The aspect of the country, as well as the manners and distinctions of race, is daily changing. Formerly one was obliged to travel in India by the old cumbrous methods of going on foot or on horseback, in palanquins or unwieldy coaches; now fast steamboats ply on the Indus and the Ganges, and a great railway, with branch lines joining the main line at many points on its route, traverses the peninsula from Bombay to Calcutta in three days.
This railway does not run in a direct line across India. The distance between Bombay and Calcutta, as the bird flies, is only from one thousand to eleven hundred miles; but the deflections of the road increase this distance by more than a third. The general route of the Great Indian Peninsula Railway is as follows: Leaving Bombay, it passes through Salcette, crossing to the continent opposite Tannah, goes over the chain of the Western Ghauts, runs thence north-east as far as Burhampoor, skirts the nearly independent territory of Bundelcund, ascends to Allahabad, turns thence eastwardly, meeting the Ganges at Benares, then departs from the river a little, and, descending south-eastward by Burdivan and the French town of Chandernagor, has its terminus at Calcutta.
The passengers of the Mongolia went ashore at half-past four p. Fogg, after bidding good-bye to his whist partners, left the steamer, gave his servant several errands to do, urged it upon him to be at the station promptly at eight, and, with his regular step, which beat to the second, like an astronomical clock, directed his steps to the passport office.
As for the wonders of Bombay its famous city hall, its splendid library, its forts and docks, its bazaars, mosques, synagogues, its Armenian churches, and the noble pagoda on Malabar Hill, with its two polygonal towers-- he cared not a straw to see them. He would not deign to examine even the masterpieces of Elephanta, or the mysterious hypogea, concealed south-east from the docks, or those fine remains of Buddhist architecture, the Kanherian grottoes of the island of Salcette. Having transacted his business at the passport office, Phileas Fogg repaired quietly to the railway station, where he ordered dinner.
Among the dishes served up to him, the landlord especially recommended a certain giblet of "native rabbit," on which he prided himself. Fogg accordingly tasted the dish, but, despite its spiced sauce, found it far from palatable. Je vous jure What, a rabbit mew! That was a good time. After which Mr. Fogg quietly continued his dinner. Fix had gone on shore shortly after Mr. Fogg, and his first destination was the headquarters of the Bombay police. He made himself known as a London detective, told his business at Bombay, and the position of affairs relative to the supposed robber, and nervously asked if a warrant had arrived from London.
It had not reached the office; indeed, there had not yet been time for it to arrive. Il voulut obtenir du directeur un ordre d'arrestation contre le sieur Fogg. Le directeur refusa. Fix was sorely disappointed, and tried to obtain an order of arrest from the director of the Bombay police. This the director refused, as the matter concerned the London office, which alone could legally deliver the warrant.
Fix did not insist, and was fain to resign himself to await the arrival of the important document; but he was determined not to lose sight of the mysterious rogue as long as he stayed in Bombay. He did not doubt for a moment, any more than Passepartout, that Phileas Fogg would remain there, at least until it was time for the warrant to arrive.
Passepartout, however, had no sooner heard his master's orders on leaving the Mongolia than he saw at once that they were to leave Bombay as they had done Suez and Paris, and that the journey would be extended at least as far as Calcutta, and perhaps beyond that place. He began to ask himself if this bet that Mr. Fogg talked about was not really in good earnest, and whether his fate was not in truth forcing him, despite his love of repose, around the world in eighty days! Having purchased the usual quota of shirts and shoes, he took a leisurely promenade about the streets, where crowds of people of many nationalities--Europeans, Persians with pointed caps, Banyas with round turbans, Sindes with square bonnets, Parsees with black mitres, and long-robed Armenians--were collected.
It happened to be the day of a Parsee festival. These descendants of the sect of Zoroaster--the most thrifty, civilised, intelligent, and austere of the East Indians, among whom are counted the richest native merchants of Bombay--were celebrating a sort of religious carnival, with processions and shows, in the midst of which Indian dancing-girls, clothed in rose-coloured gauze, looped up with gold and silver, danced airily, but with perfect modesty, to the sound of viols and the clanging of tambourines.
It is needless to say that Passepartout watched these curious ceremonies with staring eyes and gaping mouth, and that his countenance was that of the greenest booby imaginable. Unhappily for his master, as well as himself, his curiosity drew him unconsciously farther off than he intended to go. At last, having seen the Parsee carnival wind away in the distance, he was turning his steps towards the station, when he happened to espy the splendid pagoda on Malabar Hill, and was seized with an irresistible desire to see its interior.
He was quite ignorant that it is forbidden to Christians to enter certain Indian temples, and that even the faithful must not go in without first leaving their shoes outside the door. It may be said here that the wise policy of the British Government severely punishes a disregard of the practices of the native religions. Passepartout, however, thinking no harm, went in like a simple tourist, and was soon lost in admiration of the splendid Brahmin ornamentation which everywhere met his eyes, when of a sudden he found himself sprawling on the sacred flagging. He looked up to behold three enraged priests, who forthwith fell upon him; tore off his shoes, and began to beat him with loud, savage exclamations.
The agile Frenchman was soon upon his feet again, and lost no time in knocking down two of his long-gowned adversaries with his fists and a vigorous application of his toes; then, rushing out of the pagoda as fast as his legs could carry him, he soon escaped the third priest by mingling with the crowd in the streets.
At five minutes before eight, Passepartout, hatless, shoeless, and having in the squabble lost his package of shirts and shoes, rushed breathlessly into the station. Fix, who had followed Mr. Fogg to the station, and saw that he was really going to leave Bombay, was there, upon the platform. He had resolved to follow the supposed robber to Calcutta, and farther, if necessary. Passepartout did not observe the detective, who stood in an obscure corner; but Fix heard him relate his adventures in a few words to Mr.
Poor Passepartout, quite crestfallen, followed his master without a word. Fix was on the point of entering another carriage, when an idea struck him which induced him to alter his plan. I've got my man. Just then the locomotive gave a sharp screech, and the train passed out into the darkness of the night. The train had started punctually. Among the passengers were a number of officers, Government officials, and opium and indigo merchants, whose business called them to the eastern coast. Passepartout rode in the same carriage with his master, and a third passenger occupied a seat opposite to them.
This was Sir Francis Cromarty, one of Mr. Fogg's whist partners on the Mongolia, now on his way to join his corps at Benares. Mais ce gentleman ne demandait rien. Sir Francis was a tall, fair man of fifty, who had greatly distinguished himself in the last Sepoy revolt. He made India his home, only paying brief visits to England at rare intervals; and was almost as familiar as a native with the customs, history, and character of India and its people.
But Phileas Fogg, who was not travelling, but only describing a circumference, took no pains to inquire into these subjects; he was a solid body, traversing an orbit around the terrestrial globe, according to the laws of rational mechanics. He was at this moment calculating in his mind the number of hours spent since his departure from London, and, had it been in his nature to make a useless demonstration, would have rubbed his hands for satisfaction.
Pour lui, cela faisait question. Sir Francis Cromarty had observed the oddity of his travelling companion--although the only opportunity he had for studying him had been while he was dealing the cards, and between two rubbers--and questioned himself whether a human heart really beat beneath this cold exterior, and whether Phileas Fogg had any sense of the beauties of nature.
The brigadier-general was free to mentally confess that, of all the eccentric persons he had ever met, none was comparable to this product of the exact sciences. Phileas Fogg had not concealed from Sir Francis his design of going round the world, nor the circumstances under which he set out; and the general only saw in the wager a useless eccentricity and a lack of sound common sense. In the way this strange gentleman was going on, he would leave the world without having done any good to himself or anybody else. A la station de Callyan, il laissa sur la droite l'embranchement qui, par Kandallah et Pounah, descend vers le sud-est de l'Inde, et il gagna la station de Pauwell.
An hour after leaving Bombay the train had passed the viaducts and the Island of Salcette, and had got into the open country. At Callyan they reached the junction of the branch line which descends towards south-eastern India by Kandallah and Pounah; and, passing Pauwell, they entered the defiles of the mountains, with their basalt bases, and their summits crowned with thick and verdant forests. Fogg, you would have met with a delay at this point which would probably have lost you your wager. Fogg," pursued Sir Francis, "you run the risk of having some difficulty about this worthy fellow's adventure at the pagoda.
Fogg; "if he had been caught he would have been condemned and punished, and then would have quietly returned to Europe. I don't see how this affair could have delayed his master. The conversation fell again. During the night the train left the mountains behind, and passed Nassik, and the next day proceeded over the flat, well-cultivated country of the Khandeish, with its straggling villages, above which rose the minarets of the pagodas.
This fertile territory is watered by numerous small rivers and limpid streams, mostly tributaries of the Godavery. Cela lui paraissait invraisemblable. Passepartout, on waking and looking out, could not realise that he was actually crossing India in a railway train. The locomotive, guided by an English engineer and fed with English coal, threw out its smoke upon cotton, coffee, nutmeg, clove, and pepper plantations, while the steam curled in spirals around groups of palm-trees, in the midst of which were seen picturesque bungalows, viharis sort of abandoned monasteries , and marvellous temples enriched by the exhaustless ornamentation of Indian architecture.
Then they came upon vast tracts extending to the horizon, with jungles inhabited by snakes and tigers, which fled at the noise of the train; succeeded by forests penetrated by the railway, and still haunted by elephants which, with pensive eyes, gazed at the train as it passed. The travellers crossed, beyond Milligaum, the fatal country so often stained with blood by the sectaries of the goddess Kali. Not far off rose Ellora, with its graceful pagodas, and the famous Aurungabad, capital of the ferocious Aureng-Zeb, now the chief town of one of the detached provinces of the kingdom of the Nizam.
It was thereabouts that Feringhea, the Thuggee chief, king of the stranglers, held his sway. These ruffians, united by a secret bond, strangled victims of every age in honour of the goddess Death, without ever shedding blood; there was a period when this part of the country could scarcely be travelled over without corpses being found in every direction.
The English Government has succeeded in greatly diminishing these murders, though the Thuggees still exist, and pursue the exercise of their horrible rites. At half-past twelve the train stopped at Burhampoor where Passepartout was able to purchase some Indian slippers, ornamented with false pearls, in which, with evident vanity, he proceeded to encase his feet. The travellers made a hasty breakfast and started off for Assurghur, after skirting for a little the banks of the small river Tapty, which empties into the Gulf of Cambray, near Surat.
Son naturel lui revenait au galop. Aussi, beaucoup moins flegmatique que Mr. Passepartout was now plunged into absorbing reverie. Up to his arrival at Bombay, he had entertained hopes that their journey would end there; but, now that they were plainly whirling across India at full speed, a sudden change had come over the spirit of his dreams. His old vagabond nature returned to him; the fantastic ideas of his youth once more took possession of him.
He came to regard his master's project as intended in good earnest, believed in the reality of the bet, and therefore in the tour of the world and the necessity of making it without fail within the designated period. Already he began to worry about possible delays, and accidents which might happen on the way. He recognised himself as being personally interested in the wager, and trembled at the thought that he might have been the means of losing it by his unpardonable folly of the night before. Being much less cool-headed than Mr. Fogg, he was much more restless, counting and recounting the days passed over, uttering maledictions when the train stopped, and accusing it of sluggishness, and mentally blaming Mr.
Fogg for not having bribed the engineer. The worthy fellow was ignorant that, while it was possible by such means to hasten the rate of a steamer, it could not be done on the railway. The train entered the defiles of the Sutpour Mountains, which separate the Khandeish from Bundelcund, towards evening. The next day Sir Francis Cromarty asked Passepartout what time it was; to which, on consulting his watch, he replied that it was three in the morning. This famous timepiece, always regulated on the Greenwich meridian, which was now some seventy-seven degrees westward, was at least four hours slow.
Ce fut inutile. Sir Francis corrected Passepartout's time, whereupon the latter made the same remark that he had done to Fix; and upon the general insisting that the watch should be regulated in each new meridian, since he was constantly going eastward, that is in the face of the sun, and therefore the days were shorter by four minutes for each degree gone over, Passepartout obstinately refused to alter his watch, which he kept at London time. It was an innocent delusion which could harm no one. Phileas Fogg looked at Sir Francis Cromarty for an explanation; but the general could not tell what meant a halt in the midst of this forest of dates and acacias.
Phileas Fogg le suivit, sans se presser. The railway isn't finished. There's still a matter of fifty miles to be laid from here to Allahabad, where the line begins again. The papers were mistaken. Sir Francis was furious. Passepartout would willingly have knocked the conductor down, and did not dare to look at his master. Fogg, nous allons, si vous le voulez bien, aviser au moyen de gagner Allahabad.
Fogg quietly, "we will, if you please, look about for some means of conveyance to Allahabad. Fogg, this is a delay greatly to your disadvantage. Or, rien n'est compromis. Nothing, therefore, is lost. I have two days, which I have already gained, to sacrifice. A steamer leaves Calcutta for Hong Kong at noon, on the 25th. This is the 22nd, and we shall reach Calcutta in time.
There was nothing to say to so confident a response. Aussi Mr. It was but too true that the railway came to a termination at this point. The papers were like some watches, which have a way of getting too fast, and had been premature in their announcement of the completion of the line. The greater part of the travellers were aware of this interruption, and, leaving the train, they began to engage such vehicles as the village could provide four-wheeled palkigharis, waggons drawn by zebus, carriages that looked like perambulating pagodas, palanquins, ponies, and what not. Fogg and Sir Francis Cromarty, after searching the village from end to end, came back without having found anything.
An elephant that belongs to an Indian who lives but a hundred steps from here. Sur leur demande, l'Indien introduisit Mr. Fogg et ses deux compagnons dans l'enclos. They soon reached a small hut, near which, enclosed within some high palings, was the animal in question. An Indian came out of the hut, and, at their request, conducted them within the enclosure. The elephant, which its owner had reared, not for a beast of burden, but for warlike purposes, was half domesticated. The Indian had begun already, by often irritating him, and feeding him every three months on sugar and butter, to impart to him a ferocity not in his nature, this method being often employed by those who train the Indian elephants for battle.
Happily, however, for Mr. Fogg, the animal's instruction in this direction had not gone far, and the elephant still preserved his natural gentleness. Kiouni--this was the name of the beast--could doubtless travel rapidly for a long time, and, in default of any other means of conveyance, Mr. Fogg resolved to hire him. But elephants are far from cheap in India, where they are becoming scarce, the males, which alone are suitable for circus shows, are much sought, especially as but few of them are domesticated.
When therefore Mr. Fogg proposed to the Indian to hire Kiouni, he refused point-blank. Vingt livres? Refus encore. Quarante livres? Refus toujours. Mais l'Indien ne se laissait pas tenter. Fogg persisted, offering the excessive sum of ten pounds an hour for the loan of the beast to Allahabad. Twenty pounds? Refused also. Forty pounds? Still refused. Passepartout jumped at each advance; but the Indian declined to be tempted. Yet the offer was an alluring one, for, supposing it took the elephant fifteen hours to reach Allahabad, his owner would receive no less than six hundred pounds sterling.
Phileas Fogg, without getting in the least flurried, then proposed to purchase the animal outright, and at first offered a thousand pounds for him. L'Indien ne voulait pas vendre! The Indian, perhaps thinking he was going to make a great bargain, still refused. Sir Francis Cromarty prit Mr. Sir Francis Cromarty took Mr. Fogg aside, and begged him to reflect before he went any further; to which that gentleman replied that he was not in the habit of acting rashly, that a bet of twenty thousand pounds was at stake, that the elephant was absolutely necessary to him, and that he would secure him if he had to pay twenty times his value.
Phileas Fogg offrit successivement douze cents livres, puis quinze cents, puis dix-huit cents, enfin deux mille 50 F. Returning to the Indian, whose small, sharp eyes, glistening with avarice, betrayed that with him it was only a question of how great a price he could obtain. Fogg offered first twelve hundred, then fifteen hundred, eighteen hundred, two thousand pounds. Passepartout, usually so rubicund, was fairly white with suspense.
A deux mille livres, l'Indien se rendit. At two thousand pounds the Indian yielded. Ce fut plus facile. It only remained now to find a guide, which was comparatively easy. A young Parsee, with an intelligent face, offered his services, which Mr. Fogg accepted, promising so generous a reward as to materially stimulate his zeal. The elephant was led out and equipped. The Parsee, who was an accomplished elephant driver, covered his back with a sort of saddle-cloth, and attached to each of his flanks some curiously uncomfortable howdahs.
Phileas Fogg paya l'Indien en bank-notes qui furent extraites du fameux sac. Puis Mr. Phileas Fogg paid the Indian with some banknotes which he extracted from the famous carpet-bag, a proceeding that seemed to deprive poor Passepartout of his vitals. Then he offered to carry Sir Francis to Allahabad, which the brigadier gratefully accepted, as one traveller the more would not be likely to fatigue the gigantic beast.
Sir Francis Cromarty prit place dans l'un des cacolets, Phileas Fogg dans l'autre. Provisions were purchased at Kholby, and, while Sir Francis and Mr. Fogg took the howdahs on either side, Passepartout got astride the saddle-cloth between them. The Parsee perched himself on the elephant's neck, and at nine o'clock they set out from the village, the animal marching off through the dense forest of palms by the shortest cut. In order to shorten the journey, the guide passed to the left of the line where the railway was still in process of being built.
This line, owing to the capricious turnings of the Vindhia Mountains, did not pursue a straight course. The Parsee, who was quite familiar with the roads and paths in the district, declared that they would gain twenty miles by striking directly through the forest. Phileas Fogg and Sir Francis Cromarty, plunged to the neck in the peculiar howdahs provided for them, were horribly jostled by the swift trotting of the elephant, spurred on as he was by the skilful Parsee; but they endured the discomfort with true British phlegm, talking little, and scarcely able to catch a glimpse of each other.
As for Passepartout, who was mounted on the beast's back, and received the direct force of each concussion as he trod along, he was very careful, in accordance with his master's advice, to keep his tongue from between his teeth, as it would otherwise have been bitten off short. The worthy fellow bounced from the elephant's neck to his rump, and vaulted like a clown on a spring-board; yet he laughed in the midst of his bouncing, and from time to time took a piece of sugar out of his pocket, and inserted it in Kiouni's trunk, who received it without in the least slackening his regular trot.
Sir Francis Cromarty ne se plaignit pas de cette halte. After two hours the guide stopped the elephant, and gave him an hour for rest, during which Kiouni, after quenching his thirst at a neighbouring spring, set to devouring the branches and shrubs round about him. Neither Sir Francis nor Mr. Fogg regretted the delay, and both descended with a feeling of relief.
At noon the Parsee gave the signal of departure. The country soon presented a very savage aspect.
Copses of dates and dwarf-palms succeeded the dense forests; then vast, dry plains, dotted with scanty shrubs, and sown with great blocks of syenite. All this portion of Bundelcund, which is little frequented by travellers, is inhabited by a fanatical population, hardened in the most horrible practices of the Hindoo faith. The English have not been able to secure complete dominion over this territory, which is subjected to the influence of rajahs, whom it is almost impossible to reach in their inaccessible mountain fastnesses.
The travellers several times saw bands of ferocious Indians, who, when they perceived the elephant striding across-country, made angry and threatening motions. The Parsee avoided them as much as possible. Few animals were observed on the route; even the monkeys hurried from their path with contortions and grimaces which convulsed Passepartout with laughter.
Qu'est-ce que Mr. Si, par hasard, Mr. In the midst of his gaiety, however, one thought troubled the worthy servant. What would Mr. Fogg do with the elephant when he got to Allahabad? Would he carry him on with him? The cost of transporting him would make him ruinously expensive. Would he sell him, or set him free? The estimable beast certainly deserved some consideration.
Should Mr. Fogg choose to make him, Passepartout, a present of Kiouni, he would be very much embarrassed; and these thoughts did not cease worrying him for a long time. The principal chain of the Vindhias was crossed by eight in the evening, and another halt was made on the northern slope, in a ruined bungalow.
They had gone nearly twenty-five miles that day, and an equal distance still separated them from the station of Allahabad. The night was cold. The Parsee lit a fire in the bungalow with a few dry branches, and the warmth was very grateful, provisions purchased at Kholby sufficed for supper, and the travellers ate ravenously. The conversation, beginning with a few disconnected phrases, soon gave place to loud and steady snores. The guide watched Kiouni, who slept standing, bolstering himself against the trunk of a large tree.
Nul incident ne signala cette nuit. Sir Francis Cromarty dormit lourdement comme un brave militaire rompu de fatigues. Nothing occurred during the night to disturb the slumberers, although occasional growls front panthers and chatterings of monkeys broke the silence; the more formidable beasts made no cries or hostile demonstration against the occupants of the bungalow. Sir Francis slept heavily, like an honest soldier overcome with fatigue. Passepartout was wrapped in uneasy dreams of the bouncing of the day before. As for Mr. Fogg, he slumbered as peacefully as if he had been in his serene mansion in Saville Row.
A six heures du matin, on se remit en marche. The journey was resumed at six in the morning; the guide hoped to reach Allahabad by evening. In that case, Mr. Fogg would only lose a part of the forty-eight hours saved since the beginning of the tour. Kiouni avait repris son allure rapide. Kiouni, resuming his rapid gait, soon descended the lower spurs of the Vindhias, and towards noon they passed by the village of Kallenger, on the Cani, one of the branches of the Ganges.
The guide avoided inhabited places, thinking it safer to keep the open country, which lies along the first depressions of the basin of the great river. Allahabad was now only twelve miles to the north-east. They stopped under a clump of bananas, the fruit of which, as healthy as bread and as succulent as cream, was amply partaken of and appreciated.
At two o'clock the guide entered a thick forest which extended several miles; he preferred to travel under cover of the woods. They had not as yet had any unpleasant encounters, and the journey seemed on the point of being successfully accomplished, when the elephant, becoming restless, suddenly stopped. It was then four o'clock. The murmur soon became more distinct; it now seemed like a distant concert of human voices accompanied by brass instruments. Fogg attendait patiemment, sans prononcer une parole.
Passepartout was all eyes and ears. Fogg patiently waited without a word. We must prevent their seeing us, if possible. The guide unloosed the elephant and led him into a thicket, at the same time asking the travellers not to stir. He held himself ready to bestride the animal at a moment's notice, should flight become necessary; but he evidently thought that the procession of the faithful would pass without perceiving them amid the thick foliage, in which they were wholly concealed.
Le bruit discordant des voix et des instruments se rapprochait. Fogg et ses compagnons. The discordant tones of the voices and instruments drew nearer, and now droning songs mingled with the sound of the tambourines and cymbals. The head of the procession soon appeared beneath the trees, a hundred paces away; and the strange figures who performed the religious ceremony were easily distinguished through the branches.
First came the priests, with mitres on their heads, and clothed in long lace robes. They were surrounded by men, women, and children, who sang a kind of lugubrious psalm, interrupted at regular intervals by the tambourines and cymbals; while behind them was drawn a car with large wheels, the spokes of which represented serpents entwined with each other. Upon the car, which was drawn by four richly caparisoned zebus, stood a hideous statue with four arms, the body coloured a dull red, with haggard eyes, dishevelled hair, protruding tongue, and lips tinted with betel.
It stood upright upon the figure of a prostrate and headless giant. Sir Francis Cromarty reconnut cette statue. La vilaine bonne femme! The Parsee made a motion to keep silence. A group of old fakirs were capering and making a wild ado round the statue; these were striped with ochre, and covered with cuts whence their blood issued drop by drop--stupid fanatics, who, in the great Indian ceremonies, still throw themselves under the wheels of Juggernaut. Some Brahmins, clad in all the sumptuousness of Oriental apparel, and leading a woman who faltered at every step, followed.
This woman was young, and as fair as a European. Her head and neck, shoulders, ears, arms, hands, and toes were loaded down with jewels and gems with bracelets, earrings, and rings; while a tunic bordered with gold, and covered with a light muslin robe, betrayed the outline of her form. The guards who followed the young woman presented a violent contrast to her, armed as they were with naked sabres hung at their waists, and long damascened pistols, and bearing a corpse on a palanquin.
It was the body of an old man, gorgeously arrayed in the habiliments of a rajah, wearing, as in life, a turban embroidered with pearls, a robe of tissue of silk and gold, a scarf of cashmere sewed with diamonds, and the magnificent weapons of a Hindoo prince. Next came the musicians and a rearguard of capering fakirs, whose cries sometimes drowned the noise of the instruments; these closed the procession.
The Parsee nodded, and put his finger to his lips. The procession slowly wound under the trees, and soon its last ranks disappeared in the depths of the wood. The songs gradually died away; occasionally cries were heard in the distance, until at last all was silence again. The woman you have just seen will be burned to-morrow at the dawn of day. The whole district north of the Vindhias is the theatre of incessant murders and pillage.
Aussi la perspective de cette affreuse existence pousse-t-elle souvent ces malheureuses au supplice, bien plus que l'amour ou le fanatisme religieux. Comme vous le pensez bien, le gouverneur refusa. And, if she were not, you cannot conceive what treatment she would be obliged to submit to from her relatives. They would shave off her hair, feed her on a scanty allowance of rice, treat her with contempt; she would be looked upon as an unclean creature, and would die in some corner, like a scurvy dog. The prospect of so frightful an existence drives these poor creatures to the sacrifice much more than love or religious fanaticism.
Sometimes, however, the sacrifice is really voluntary, and it requires the active interference of the Government to prevent it. Several years ago, when I was living at Bombay, a young widow asked permission of the governor to be burned along with her husband's body; but, as you may imagine, he refused. The woman left the town, took refuge with an independent rajah, and there carried out her self-devoted purpose.
Just at the moment that he was about to urge Kiouni forward with a peculiar whistle, Mr. The project was a bold one, full of difficulty, perhaps impracticable. Fogg was going to risk life, or at least liberty, and therefore the success of his tour. But he did not hesitate, and he found in Sir Francis Cromarty an enthusiastic ally. As for Passepartout, he was ready for anything that might be proposed.
His master's idea charmed him; he perceived a heart, a soul, under that icy exterior. He began to love Phileas Fogg. Restait le guide. Quel parti prendrait-il dans l'affaire? There remained the guide: what course would he adopt? Would he not take part with the Indians? In default of his assistance, it was necessary to be assured of his neutrality. Sir Francis Cromarty lui posa franchement la question. Sir Francis frankly put the question to him. Disposez de moi. Command me as you will.
Ainsi, voyez. Je pense que nous devrons attendre la nuit pour agir? Elle se nommait Aouda. The worthy Indian then gave some account of the victim, who, he said, was a celebrated beauty of the Parsee race, and the daughter of a wealthy Bombay merchant. She had received a thoroughly English education in that city, and, from her manners and intelligence, would be thought an European.
Her name was Aouda. Left an orphan, she was married against her will to the old rajah of Bundelcund; and, knowing the fate that awaited her, she escaped, was retaken, and devoted by the rajah's relatives, who had an interest in her death, to the sacrifice from which it seemed she could not escape. The Parsee's narrative only confirmed Mr.
Fogg and his companions in their generous design. It was decided that the guide should direct the elephant towards the pagoda of Pillaji, which he accordingly approached as quickly as possible. They halted, half an hour afterwards, in a copse, some five hundred feet from the pagoda, where they were well concealed; but they could hear the groans and cries of the fakirs distinctly.
They then discussed the means of getting at the victim. The guide was familiar with the pagoda of Pillaji, in which, as he declared, the young woman was imprisoned. Could they enter any of its doors while the whole party of Indians was plunged in a drunken sleep, or was it safer to attempt to make a hole in the walls? A Jstnnce to Emigrants. Remarks on Plan of Grey.. Scheme of Settlement in Villages. Memorandum on Colonization.
Remarhs on Colonization c cmes.. Return of Shipping and Emigration. Elliot, 23 January. Memorandum on Villages. Elliot, 23 January, Memorandum on Eznigrant Tax.. Memorandum on Emigration to Cana la.. Elliot, 27 January, Slip] ng and Emigration.. Question of a Highland and Irish llmigration to Australia by means of funds paid b. Allen to Elliot, Horsham, 16 February, Appendix Caroline Chisholm to Elliot , London, 19 February, Expense of Settlement, estimated by Moxon and Per1ey.. Extract of a. Herd, Magistrate, County Co , to Capt.
Stanch, relative. Legislature of the State of New York. Report respecting Surgeons appointed by Emigration Commissioners. Memorandum for Mr. Canadian Currency. Clipping: Anti-Slavery Excitement….. Speech on the Navigation Laws. James Wilson, 9 March, September, Memoranda: Entries Inwards and Outwurds.
Bri eh and United States……………………. Law of United States on foreign shipping.. Chevalier :1 Grey, 13 juin, Increased employment of British Ships, Average measurement of French and British Ships, Statement of Number and Tonnage of Merchant Vessels, Working of the new Navigation Law. Board ofTrnde,May,………. Foreign Office, 12 July, Glass, Chairman.. XCIV, 28 August, Baylv to Hawcs.
nouns - duire - french missing verbs with prefix forms
Model Farm Schools. By Sir James P. Kay-Shuttleworlh, 6 January, The Church, 16 and 23 April, Copy of Letter from Ledoycn to Grey, 6 May, Grey to Elgin, Downing Street, 27 January, Emigration and Responsible Government. Quebec Gazette, 9 February, Papers relative to Emigration, No. See above Quebec Gazette, 14 February, Members of Council to Harvey, 30 January, Johnston to Harvey, Halifax, 5 September, Settlement in Townships. Quebec Grzzette, 27, 28 and 30 June, Grosse Isle. Elgin to Grey, No.
Administration of Affair. Quebec and Halifax Railway. Grey to Elgin, No. Halifax, N. Robinson, R. Military Labourers. Elgin to Grey, Montreal, 30April, Elgin to Grey, Montreal,5 May, Disturbance at Lake Superior. Montreal Annexation MaDifesto.. Seat of Government. Clergy Reserves and Constitution. Resolution oi Boulton 21 June, Clergy Rescrves,. Address of Assembly, 28 June, Address ofAssernb1y, 28 June, Thomson to Russell, No. Thomson to Russell, Private, Toronto, 24 January, Arrnunrx XXIV. Anglican University. Grey to Ellggin, No.
Bishop of Toronto to Grey, London, 18 June, Draft Charter.. Bishop of Toronto Grey, London 27 July, Bishop of Toronto to Leslie, Toronto, 7 February, Arrnnorx XXV. Bounty on Hemp. Grey to Head, No. Arrrmnrx XXVI. Canadian Currency Act. Elgin to Grey, Toronto, 16 August, Extract of a Despotch from Head to Grey, 30 March, Minute ofCounci],14 August, Trevelyen to Merivale, Treasury Chambers, 20 February, Revenue and Expenditure.
Extract of Despntoh from Grey to FitzRoy.. Grey to Denison, Downing Street, 27 July, Gray to Elgin, No. Arrmxnix XXIX. Aprerrnnc XYX. Address of Assembly, 23 June, Union of Upper and Lower Canada. Resolutions of Boulton, 7 July, Resignation of Baldwin. Resolutions of Boulton, 10 July, Great Lakes. Memorandum of P. Great Lakes.. Unless I receive your Lordships commands tm the contrary, I shall do myself the honor of waiting upon you on Monday next. I apprehend that I shall be entitled tm the same. I have been given to believe that the Private or civil Secretary of the Gov- ernor is not necessarily as in Jamaica removeable with the Governor In that case it is obvious that the Mil.
A numerous body of A. But as the Salary of the Governor General of Canada is confessedly far from excessive I trust that I may calculate on receiving any aid under this head which has been afforded to those who have preceded me—-. I am glad to perceive that you consider our legislation on this subject in Jamaica tm have been generally in the right direc- tion—.
As respects the Privy Councillorship. I think I shall give it up as it WW1 certainly be very inconvenient to run up tm London for the purpose. I do not care about it for myself, but I think that honorary distinctions are of. They are found appended to the proceeding letter. What was Sir C. The grant of a small sum in aid of schools of all denominations in which the rudiments of the science and practice of agriculture were taught and two or three hours a day set apart for manual labor, was the only mode by which we could attempt to promote the introduction of an industrial system of Education.
Wherever the wash house could be provided it would be a very useful addition-. It is needless to say that schools reoieving aid in this shape should be subject to frequent and searching inspection, as otherwise gross abuses will infallibly creep in under the pretence of industrial teaching, and the labor of the scholars become a mere pcrquisite for the masters. It may be doubtful however whether it would be judicious to attempt the care of cattle at present in any of the day schools. I trust that you will pardon me for offering these remarks which are only worthy of perusal as coming from one who has some acquaintance with the state of opinion and practise in the tropical Colonies.
This contribution entitles the parents to send any number of children they please to the school. School, to fourteen when they generally leave in search of em—. Out of a population of souls We have a school attendance of I hear that by sending a letter today via1 new York I may succeed in reach- ing you in England before the next Packet arrives I therefore write this un- official line, to let you know that my first effort here has been entirely successful. I did not shrink from speaking my mind, but I did what I ed— to raise Canadian Politics from the dirt.
The subject of a public nature wh. The other papers are not in the collection. Probably this will be best accom- plished indirectly, by suggesting as the best source from wh. I am persuaded wd be of the very greatest advantage to the Colony. Feb I shall be grieved if you disapprove of my ministerial proceedings. Col Bruce informed me today that D. Caron, the present Speaker, being ejected for the purpose—— He aclverted to other points of less importaneew These, however, were the principal. He informed me, that he had been drawing up a memorandum, in reference to the Subjects which he had mentioned to Col.
I observed that I would much prefer dealing with proposals of importance on paper; but that, in the meantime, if he wished to give me any information, orally, 1 would willingly listen. The elevation of Some of these persons to the Council, he would to the utmost, oppose. Sir C. He then proceeded to the Case of Sir A.
Denis Benjamin Viger. Roderick Mattheson. George Strange Boulton. James Ferrier. Benjamin Thorne. Charles Penner. Hamnetz Pinhey. Told him that I should be glad to have Some Conversation with him in reference to cer- tain objections which I felt to them, before giving him a written answer. To the adoption of the former branch of this alternative, he seemed much averse. He gave me to understand that although he would be happy in Such a case to give his utmost Support to the Government, as an independent Mem- ber out of office, he would be very unwilling to meet the house as Minister, because he was Sure that all the dissentions in his the Conservative as they Style it Party, would be charged upon him.
Valliere died. I broached the Subject this day in Council, all present but S. Stated his willingness either to remain in Oliicc, or to go out, as might be most conducive to the Success of Such an arrangement——P. Feb The following note reached me yesterday Evening. The Quebec French seem very indignant with their friends here for rejecting my proposals without taking any measures to -ascertain their views and the Party here are promulgating so many false rumours to justify this proceeding that it is evident they feel the ground which M.
Morin, dans la Supposition que lui-meme, ou quelques autres pa. Morin est en meme temps ferinemeiit convaincu. In this letter M. Mai-cl I was precluded from reverting to M. I put the memorandum accordingly in the hands of M. I explained to him that my only Object in making the Overture was to evince my entire readiness to include persons connected with that Section of the Population in my Council- That I knew of no Suflicient Cause to prevent them from acting with the Members of the Existing provincial Administration, but that of course I fully admitted their right to decline the arrangement if they Saw reason to do So.
He told me that he had convcrsed on the Subject with M. My council informed me Some days ago, that M it might probably be Expedient, with a view to the Completion of their. Caron, who now holds that oflice, that he Should be invited to retain it on these terms: In order, however, to enable him to determine his Course, they thought it right that he should be made acquainted with the nature of the Overturcs which I had made to the lear.
As the Council had. Papincau, one of the Ministers, proceeded with this document to Quebec, to see M. He received from him a reply very cautiously worded, expressing his unwillingness to determine his Course without Consulting others, but at the Same time acknowledging his high Sense of the Consideration for his race, which had prompted my proposal.
This day I saw a letter from M. Caron, to the Gentleman who accompanied P. I am very anxious to extend to the Merchants of Montreal the advantage of the suspension of the Law. Brunswick asking for advances of money to carry on their works. I have been unable to return any other answer than that we cannot comply with these applications for assistance;. With reference to their plans, I have been much struck with the printed reports, sent to me by Sir W.
I do very willingly: he is They were made on 24 February and At that time both conferences had contended for the annual grant which had been made when the two societies had been united in American Colonies. The Justice of such a measure is obvious. Brunswick who is over here but will return by the next Steamer. We expect Mary back to day from Codicote, we thought her looking very Well when she came to us. The mom. WW accompanies this letter will shew that the attempt to bring the French into my adniinistmtion has not been attended for the moment with that result—Their demands have been considered unreasonablc-2—and, I think, justly so.
Metcalfe from getting any one with 2. I do not indeed see why the Government of the Province should not be successfully conducted under the present combination, although until the French break into political Parties and join British Parties with corresponding names, I do not think any strong and lasting administration will be formed. Their coherence enables them to organize a powerful opposition to any Ministry from which they are excluded, but it no less certainly provokes among the British both of Lower and Upper Canada a feeling of antagonism to one of which they form a part.
This is I fancy a pretty fair sample of Canadian Politics. Rolland is I believe unquestion- ably the most deserving candidate for the Chief Justiceship, having been a very hard working Judge indeed owing to the wretched health of the late chief he has for some years done all the duties of the higher office.
Mr Badgley is I am told a good lawyer. He must of course get a seat in Part. Yrs very Sincerely. April The present arrangement contemplates that the Speaker of the Legislative Council should be a member of the Government. I fear it will not be in My Power to procure, for transmission by this mail, the docu- ments which embody these transactions.
The Mail has been so long delayed on the road that I have not time even to read y. I shall, you may rely on it, bestow my most anxious attention on the very important subjects to which you direct my attention. There are half a dozen parties here standing on no principles, and all intent on making political capital out of whatever turns up.
It is exceedingly difficult under such circumstances to induce public men to run the risk of adopting any scheme that is bold or novel. Firstly, as respects an Union of the Provinces—— My impression is that there is little feeling here in favor of the project. The trading interests seek to communicate with the Ocean through New York or Portland rather than Halifax— Again, certain arguments in favor of the scheme which are advanced with considerable effect.
On the other hand, if an attempt were made to create a federal system on a more extended. The apprehensions entertained on this subject are strengthened by what is taking place in the United States. The Colonists observe that at New York and elsewhere their neighbours are putting impediments in the way of Immigration- They suppose that the Yankees who are a shrewd people must have some good reason for what they are doing in this matter—and they fear that in consequence of their precautionary measures an undue proportion of Immigration will be directed towards this quarter.
At Toronto a society has been formed for the purpose of aiding Immigrants and forwarding them to places where their labor is required. I have no doubt that a large proportion of the destitute Immigrants who arrive here this year will be housed and supported by relations already settled in the Province until they can provide for themselves. With the view of encrcasing the demand for Immigrant labor by the with- drawal from the market of some of those who are now employed as agricultural laborers I have, with the advice of my council, sanctioned the opening up of some of the unclear-ed lands of Western Canada on the principle adopted in the.
The latter of the objects above mentioned is not less important than the former; it is, to take care that the proposed emigration shall be of an orderly, prosperous and civilized kmd. Gregory, M. In result, however, as the conditions of settlement are for the most part faithfully carried out, and as additional value is given tm the lands 5 adjoining the free grants by the opening of the roads, the two systems do not materially diiier: and that which is adopted here has the twofold advantage, that it requires no outlay on the part of the Province, and that it is more to the taste of the large class of Immigrants who abjure servitude as soon as they touch the soil of America.
The inducements to settlement in the United States are also considerable, and render it impossible to check materially the tendency to dispersion of popu- lation in this Colony by enhancing the price of lands unless at the risk of pre- venting colonization altogether. In this syatmnyvas applied two more roads from Owerfs Sound Settlement. See Mmute of Council, 8 August,. Umzada Land Bank, 0, pp. In On the whole, I am disposed to believe that the Quebec and Halifax Rail- way is the work on which Imperial funds might be most properly expended with a view both to the interests of colonization and British Connexion.
Union between the Provinces is hopeless without it; but if it were completed or even in progress a great step wd be taken towards bringing this object within the range of practicability. To secure this, care must be taken in arranging the details of the plan, for otherwise the bulk of the laborers employed will be eanallers from the States. I have thought much on this subject and am endeavoring to mature a scheme for the accomplishment of the ends in view.
I agree with you in think- mg that we slid wait for the railroad, the establishment of wh. America may make it your best course to form settlements upon the principle of that of Owens Sound? The practice has grown up of late of making them by the. III, val.
Grey: ointecl out that in all Her M. In Canada, however, a. A report should he made as to the course which should be pursued. I greatly doubt the expediency of this change— in the immediate neighbour- hood of the U. States it seems to me a very questionable policy to allow to fall into disuse any forms wh. They shall have all constitutional support from me—neither less nor more.
H fl I have been obliged to write a begging Despatch w 3 I hope you wi see t l to support. Apres Son retour de Montreal, M. Communiquerait 5. It shall be duly considered, but I do not suppose that any measure of this kind could come into operation during the present season. Meanwhile however its advocates have recieved a check. This year they have been replaced by Protectionists; and their organ the Canadian Economist has been discontinued-. Although this state of the public mind is to be regretted, I think that the evil arising from it is not altogether unmixed. The comparatively small number of members of which the popular l30d16S Which determine the fate of Provincial administrations consist, is ; I am.
A majority of ten in an assembly of seventy may probably, be, according to Cockemi, equivalent tm a majority of in an assembly of In practice however it is far otherwise. The administration is supposed to have a majority in the Assembly but there are so many disappointed suitors and lukewarm supporters in that majority that it cannot be much depended on. The opposition leaders are already mustering in the metropolis and their ranks exhibit a much more un- divided front. The possession of that large French contingent who always move as one man is of course aigreat advantage to a Party.
On this tacit understanding we have acted together harmoniously up to this time——- Although I have never concealed from them that I intend to do nothing which may prevent me from Working cordially with their opponents if they are forced upon me. By subjecting all sections of politicians in their turn. As a merely commercial speculation it has very little to recommend it.
Previously struck me. Does it not rather tend to the conclusion that some day. The great point wd be to make out some reason for our giving pecuniary assistance to it wh. They performed the journey from Boston in a much shorter time than I had anticipated and without much fatigue; and although the passage was unfavorable have suffered no serious inconvenience from it. Mary is a little tired, but thank God looking remarkably well. Four nights have been consumed in a. Ministers had a. However, it must be remembered that the whole house comprises only 82 members.
If the Ministerial Party hangs together I do not think there will be much more trouble this Session— But I suspect that more is going on than meets the eye, and I should not be surprised if I were enabled before long to report to you that an arrangement with the French on the basis of my memorandum to M.
Meanwhile the tone of the debate has been satisfactory to me personally: and leads me to hope that I have been able to make my course of policy intel-. To that d. There appears tm be a general disposition to give me credit for acting constitutionally, notwithstanding the support I have given to my Ministers, and the severe censures passed upon them-. MT Draper goes home by this packet.
He accepts the J udgeship and has leave till the Sept circuit. We part on good terms, and I do not wish you to let him know that I think his conduct in leaving his colleagues at the present time the reverse of magnanirnous. Indeed from what I have observed since the legislature met I am not sure that they wd have been numerically as strong with him as without him.
He is a man of considerable ability. It is impossible tm look at the future without serious apprehension. I have therefore written to my Agent C, R. Appendix L. Buchanan, Chief imigration Agent, D. Matters have been going on as smoothly since I last wrote in the Political would here as could under all the circumstances have been expected.
There have been three grand Party demonstrations in the Assembly. Thus far it is well with them, They have, I think, shown, that if their Party remain steady tm them they are stronger than the opposition. In the Upper House there has been a discussion which was rather embar- asing for Ministers. Meanwhile the tone of the discussions in both Houses has been satisfactory to me personally. Credit is given to me on all sides for the course which I have hitherto pursued, although I am occasionally Warned by the more fervid orators of the opposition that I shall get into a serious scrape if I do not new force my ministers to resign.
Resolution 8 points out that there was only one French member of the Executive Council. Resolution 9 rea. But with the French generally it is far otherwise. They adept at second hand the political dogmas of the English liberals and assert them, whenever it is convenient to do so, with becoming force. However, as I before observed, 1 think that my Policy has hitherto justified itself in the eyes of all parties. The Globe is the organ of the Upper Canada liberals, against whom my policy both in making overtures to the French, and, subsequently, in recruiting the strength of my administration by additions from the Conservative ranks, wd seem to have been directed.
Its testimony on this point is therefore of some value. We held a drawing room last Tuesday, and Although the weather was unfavorable, and our residence at an inconvenient distance from the town, it was more numerously attended than ever drawing room had been in Canada.
Indeed, I think they are much more likely to exceed than to fall short in this matter, for all parties have a strong conviction that whatever they advance on this account will be reimbursed by the Imperial Treasury. In acknowledging the receipt of the memorandum. Imperial Government will provide for this expenditure from the Imperial Funds.
Journal: of Asecinbly, Cnz1uzda. I entirely agree with you in thinking that Commissions in this Province ought in so far as it is possible to emanate from the Queen. Mary continues quite well, got through her grand reception admirably, though it was rather a nervous thing for her. The season has been very backward and fears are entertained with respect to the prospects of the wheat in Western Canada, but our summer here is now commencing in earnest.
His Lordship is just of age. Whether it arises from national prejudice or not, however, we are unwilling to regard Lord Elgin with the suspicion entertained by many intelligent Reformers. It is true that he has sustained in power the most corrupt Administration which ever existed, and that some of his appointments have been redolent of corruption, and far from palatable to the people. But it must be remembered that the Cabinet Council, and not Lord Elgin are responsible for these appointments; and with them the people must deal.
When his Lordship came to Canada he found a Provincial Admin- istration condueting the affairs of the country, and in possession of a majority in both houses of Parliament. It was not his business to inquire how that majority was obtairiedmtlzere it was, and as long as they held a majority and could carry out the Government measures, he was bound to sustain them by all constitutional means.
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Had Lord Elgin dismissed his ministers on his arrival, and called the Reform party to his aid, we could not have withheld our censure. We confess, however, that from all we have heard, we are inclined to believe that Lord Elgin will pursue a constitutional course. Revue Uonudienne. La presentation ccmmcnca a neuf heures, dans le salon a droite. Apres la presentation, la compagnie circula dans les appartements ouverts pour lloccasion.
Dans le grand salon la bande du 52c. I have very little indeed to say to you by this mail beyond expressing the satisfaction with wh. With respect to the Bath as there are only to be altogether 50 civil K. The new statutes of the order wh. I shall be able to save you will be very small, as unfor-. It is clear to me that this principle must be com- pletely established in order long to preserve our connexion with the Colony.
Le Marchant What course to follow—— I have taken your. I hope you will enforce the most rigid strictness in the administration of relief for the experience we have had this Year of the tendency to abuse wh. Turn then to Canada, and mark here the change in public sentiment on many subjects. It is but yesterday that the trade with our neighbouring States, or the admission of their manufactures, was viewed with jealousy, if not ill feeling. Now, we are about to admit the pro- ductions of their industry and enterprise on an equal footing with those of the Mother Country.
French-English Dictionary (35,273 Entries)
Nor has this change in our commercial policy been unaccompanied with a corresponding enlargement of friendly relations in our social fabric. A marked improvement is here perceptible also, which must, from the nature of the case, continue to increase. It is hardly necessary to remark that a progress of events such as these, in a country bordering over a thousand miles on a people who thus, by dint of superior enterprise and skill, subdue such obstacles, must be fraught with important issues. Nor will any answer to this query explain others no less perplexing—how land on one side of latitude 45 can remain unsaleable at a nominal price of 5s.
Our villages, too, exhibit a no less striking contrast of adversity and poverty, 85 compared with those right opposite, on the American frontier. Johns We have not added a mile of locomotive power in full operation for twelve years. They have within themselves the elements of their own enterprise—the free adoption of laws which regulate their charters. Imperial interference in Canada has checked our enterprise. Our Governor can sanction no Railroad Bills without the line of his precise instructions; and our home authorities have intimated that none will be granted unless 10 per cent.
And all this is not tyrannyl Oh, no! The regular post which describes a circuit by Montreal having left this point some days ago. It is indeed 9. They presented themselves I regret to say under auspices by no means favorable. Sir J. Harvey named Mr. J ohnston2 the Att. Colebrooke appoints Mr. Hazan3 9. The case of my Brother is peculiar or I should not have called yr attention to it—— He is not new to the service having been employed by y.
We have little of importance to relate, since the departure of the British mail on the 13th instant. The political calm, which then prevailed, continues undisturbed, saving by, so far as we can learn, groundless rumours on the subject of a dissolution of the present Parliament, which stands prorogued until the 25th proximo, but not to be then summoned for despatch of business. In the meantime, Lord Elgin, by his indefatigable attention to business, his prudence and circum- specticn, his invariable and unostentatious courtesy, is securing for himself, from all parties, that reliance upon his integrity as a man, and his wisdom as a.
I have written you by this Mail a Despatchl containing rather a sharp answer to your Executive Council? Grey in Elgin, 3 Nov, , No, , G. Despatch upon this subject by the next mail. I am convinced that the prin- ciples wh. The Committee respectfully Submit that. I received two days ago your letter of Oct. Wd not be higher than it ought to be considering the Expenses to wh. I have been interrupted so repeatedly while writing this that I have not time to enter into some other subjects on wh.
I have just received the enclosed? I believe -it is a case in wh. He has fallen a victim to his zeal on behalf of them] poor plague stricken strangers, having died of ship fever caught at the Shed. Calvertl is lying dangerously ill at Quebec his life despaired of— Meanwhile great indignation is aroused by the arrival of vessels from Ireland with additional cargoes of Immigrants, some in a very sickly state— after our Quarantine Station is shut up for the season. My ministers know that I am determined to maintain my constitutional neutrality and that I am not to be dragged into the lists.
As you may like to see the manifesto w. But too frequently this season, the press of Canada has been called upon to expose acts of wanton heartlessness connected with the expatriation of the hosts sent from Great Britain to this colony, starving, fever—striken, and dying. This proceeding——this reckless waste of life, must be checked; and if the public authorities in Great Britain charged with the superintendencc of emigra- tion will not, or cannot, ensure the requisite precautions for the safety and wel- fare of all parties concerned, it becomes the imperative duty of our colonial legislatures to bestir themselves to protect those whose interests they are appointed to guard.
That the expatriation of the poverty-stricken of Great Britain has been systematized and most zealously carried out is beyond dispute; and that mer- cenary motives, alone, have dictated their transmission hither is equally certain. In support of our assertions we have only to refer to the Lord Ashburton, a vessel which sailed from Liverpool on the 13th of September with passengers. But we have yet a more striking, and a more melancholy, proof to rccord;—it is that of the Richard Watson, from Sligo, with passengers, which after a quick run arrived here on Sunday last.
We must premise our sad narrative by stating that these poor creatures were tenants of Lord Palmerston, and sent out by his agent, Mr. Of these passengers, about one fourth were males, the remainder women and children; and we have been assured by a gentleman who saw them when they arrived in port that a more destitute and helpless set have not come out this year. Her youngest child is about two years old. We have been informed that not one of the steerage passengers owned a box. These are facts which speak for themselves. To prove how il1—prepared are the immigrants of this year to meet the coming severity of our climate, We are enabled to cite an example.
If, therefore, we have the sick and the convalescents to provide for, during the winter season, who is to succour the paupers thrown among us? Can it be supposed that our fellow colonists will submit to this wholesale and iniquitous transfer of an obligation, only to be met in the shape of a tax—— voluntary or otherwise as circumstances may determine. And this mono- syllablc must be expressive. In politics we have little of importance. There are still rumours of the approaching dissolution of Parliament; but nothing certain is yet known. Many of the passengers by this vessel have since arrived in Mont- real, and have the most wretched appearance.
What they- are to do here this winter, it is impossible to say: there seems to be no other resource for them than public charity. Had it not been that the present season is unusually mild, there is great reason to believe that few of them would have escaped death from the cold in the Gulph. Yesterday, the 10th of November, yet another emigrant ship reached Quebec, from Sligc. The mortality has been that of an army: on the passage, 3,; at Grosse Isle, 3,; in ships at Quarantine, 1,; at the Marine Hospital, Quebeoi 1,; making 9,; and this fearful account does not include the deaths at the Sheds and Hospital in Montreal, Kingston, Toronto, Bytown and Hamilton?
In Montreal, the average number of sick in the Hospital, during the week ending November 6th, has been ; and the deaths The expenses defrayed out of the Provincial chest for this object must be enormous. We have heard them calculated at no less than a quarter of a million; but this is probably an exaggeration, but there will still be a huge charge for the Imperial Government to foot. Money is, still, not the worst loss; the destruction of valuable lives is esteemed a far greater calamity. To the numerous list of victims, we have lately had to add Dr.
Among the sick, We have J. Mills, Esq,, the Mayor of this city, whose unremitting attention to the unfortunate creatures at the Sheds, has at last brought him to a bed of sickness,———perhaps of death. We hear to- day that Col. Calvert has also been attacked at Quebec.
All the patients who can be removed, are to be sent to Toronto. About 80 patients will remain here, being too ill to be removed. The determination of the Emigrant Department not to afford any farther relief to the poor and sickly emigrants, will hear particularly hard on this city, which seems to have been made a sort of rallying point for those who cannot get employment in this section of the country. Many of these wretched beings are huddled together in damp cellars without food or clothing!
Disease will surely result from this lament- able state of the poor emigrants,—eontagion will spread, and the wealthiest and healthiest will have to take his chance with the poor and weakly. This is not all of the evil. This is a state of matters which the people of this city should strongly protest against. The Imperial Government has not done its duty towards us. There was no attention paid to the number and health of the emigrants. It seemed the only was to get rid of the poor, that they might not be a.
Il est. Nous en avons eu une courte experience. Les tribunaux du Bas-Canada. Non eeulcmcnt le respect pour les lois, pour le gouverncment, pour les tribunaux, pour toutes les institutions 9. E11 droit, on vous dit que Padministration provinciale est rosponsablc et seule responsa. Pour arriver 5. Laurent 3?. Calvert is among those who have caught it. His Ex? I have acted in this matter on the advice of my Council and I think the measure on the whole judicious- It is difficult to conjecture what its Political effects may be. Both parties are sanguine— My own opinion is that.
Numbers are however at present so nearly balanced in the Assembly that the loss of a very few seats will turn the tables against it, and the opposition calculate on this result. With respect to the employment of Immigrants on Public works you must allow me to observe that money is indispensable to all schemes of this nature and in the present condition of the market this commodity is not procurable on colonial Securities.
Provincial Debentures if negotiable at all are not negoti- able on terms on which the local Parliament would sanction an issue. I am inclined to think that the opposition will be the winners, by a small mlajority. Meanwhile considerable excitement has been produced by the appearance of a manifesto from the notorious L. We are doing what we can to reduce Immigration expenditune, but We cannot yet put an entire stop to it. It will hardly be possible to get rid during.
I do not see how Great Britain can refuse to make good tm the Province what she has expended in this service during the current year. But for the future if Canada be Ipermitted to enact such laws to guard herself against the evils of a pauper and diseased Immigration as she may see fit, I think the Mother Country may very properly decline to advance anything on this account.
The suggestions contained in the report of the Emigration Commissioners of which you have sent me a draft seem to be reasonable,1—. Many of the candidates in their addresses to the Provincial constituencies advert to Immigration as a grave matter on which legislation is called for. After the General Election is over it will I trust be more easy to frame some intelligible proposition on this subject-— The difficulty of dealing with it hitherto has been much enhanced by the position of parties in the legislature and the weakness of the Government——.
Qui sur la terre peut lire dans le secret des consciences? Votre approbation consacre leurs noms, la. De tous ceux que la. Ohl les Canadiens sont reconnaissans du bien que You 9. Je dois SJ. Quant Ea. Moi je ne orois Ea rien de tout cela. Mais, objcctera. Pour que la. Cela est juste et prouve la folie de cette union legislative. Ceux qui demandaient prophetisaient pour elle u. Leur Wmmerce est-il bien mieux encourage, bien plus brillant sous la protection In tarif dc dix A vingt pour cent, que sous celle du tarif de deux a dix par cent?
Ils ont om de bonne foi que lo gouvcrnement responsable donnerait tous les memes avantages que nous cher- cliions a obtenir par la demands de deux charnbres electives. La chambre les approuva. Tout cc qui nous les dommera, dans quelque arrangement politique que ce soit, nous est bon. Puisque la. II precede de ce que je ne vois que peu de chances de promouvoir. Laurent, je les souhaite et les appuie de tous mes voeux. States or from this Country? American Provinces is almost 3 solitary exception. Hence I am disposed to think that if we take upon this Country half the Expense incurred last Year, leaving the Province to pay the remainder with the assistance of the emigration tax, wh.
It is therefore more than probable that this General Election will be followed by a change of Council. Meanwhile M. Even in Upper Canada the Ministers have lost largely—-—and they have no chance what- soever of maintaining themselves in the New Parliament—— I do not think that they will even meet it, and in a few days I expect them to tender their resigna- tions in a body.
How I shall get on with these Gentlemen remains to be seen. Particulars as to the number of acres settled, the number of inhabitants and the va ue of rateable Property. This change of Government occurs at an unconvenient moment inasmuch as it defers legislation on the subject of Immigration, and, what is worse, precludes me from offering any assurance as to what may be the sentiments of the local Government upon it— on the other hand, there is reason to fear that provisions of an objectionable character might have been forced by the opposition into any Immigration Bill introduced by my present Council.
Notwithstanding the condemnation of my present council pronounced by the constituencies, I am far from thinking that their successors will have an easy task—— M. Russell 9. He hates Great Britain, and is believed to be somewhat jealous of those who have become the leaders of the French Canadians during his eclipse. If the system of Govt established in this Province workes satisfactorily, his vocation is gone, and he is proved a false prophet, It will therefore be his object to prevent this result-on the other hand, I am disposed to believe, that with a certain class of the liberals of British origin, there exists a genuine preference for what they deem British or constitutional practise as opposed to Republican- ism.
Whether it will be possible to bring the views of these Gentlemen who look at our Institutions through an American medium into perfect harmony with those of British Statesmen sitting in Downing Street, may be doubtful—— But there is obviously room for antagonism between those who hold that British Institu- tions, rightly interpreted, are the best in the World, and those who are pledged to prove that they are among the worst.
Between these two political sections M. La Fontainc and his followers are now plaeed. By seeming to endeavor to do so you enable on the one hand designing colonial administrations. An intelligent Governor and a watchful opposition will generally succeed in preventing abuses from growing too rank. For this reason, any attempt to raise the le al question would lmperil the validity of every judicial or administrative not. There will be, I doubt not, a division on the address shewing a. Before engaging in the work of forming a new Ministry, I am very desirous to carry through a bill on Immigration embodying the principles which you have suggested——— A measure of this description is so loudly called for by the Province that the dominant Party will hardly, I think, venture to obstruct its progress through the Legislature—.
As it is, I believe, the general opinion, that this attitude of neutrality has been assumed by me, not from indifference or incapacity, but from choice, and in deference to constitutional principles, I have I think placed myself in a favorable position to meet the crisis. I had proceeded thus far with my fortnightly epistle when I learnt that the Messenger who had brought up y: despatches from Boston was doubtful as to whether he might not be interfered with on his return by the American authorities—— As I had nothing very particular to communicate I thought it better not to run this risk—tho more so, that nothing is so likely to bring the Yankees to reasonable terms as the proof that we are altogether inde- pendant of them- Unfortunately however this intelligence reached me when It Was too late for me to make up 2.
Harvey, and to me Ernigration,1 have been published, and found their way hither. They are, I think, likely to do good. They cannot however deny that y arguments are weighty,- and the tone in wh you have Expressed yrself gives great satisfaction— I am told that even Papineau when read y. I am much annoyed at being obliged to dun you again about Immigration expenditure,1 — particularly in connexion with the payment of the April Divi- dends on the guaranteed loan. On this subject the Council rema. Nor was the expense at an end, since the province must still meet the cost of the emigrant hospitals at Quebec, Montreal, Kingston, and Toronto.
A large number of orphans had. This minute concludes with recommendations as to sanitary regulations which should be adopted for future emigrations. These recommendations were embodied in a draft bill. Indian a-nnuities.. This was, I apprehend, under the circumstances, the proper course : but it has not been unattended with inconvenience and diliioulty—- During the interval every Act of the Ministry has been the subject of invidious comment.
I have had by no means an easy. At such an epoch neither Imperial nor Provincial interests are likely, it may be feared, to occupy the largest place in their thoughts. But, in truth, bad as things are now in these respects, they have never been much better since I came here. My Ministers have always been struggling for existence… Catch- ing at straws—— living from hand to mouth. Any thing like a large or Generous policy has been altogether out of their reach.
I know not what the future may bring forth: but I confess that I regard with hope rather than apprehension the prospect of coming in contact with a more powerful Party, and with men of more decided views,. It may be true, that Canada is not worth keeping on the terms on which alone she can be retained.
But, pardon me for observing, if you attempt to redress the balance by requiring the Colony to bear burdens which she does not choose to bear, you engage in a contest of which the issues are by no means certain. The position of Canada as respects British sympathies and antipathies is most anomalous and cannot be measured by ordinary rules.
My own opinion is, that the British N. Colonies should be left as much 93 possible to themselves to take measures for the prevention of diseased Immi- gration, and for meeting the expenses of the service. However I am doing all I can to induce the Legislature to pass an Immigration Bill as nearly as may be in conformity with the suggestions contained in Your Dcspatch on the subject.
I shall probably be able to send it by this mail as it comes out of the furnace of the Lower House. Morin French elected— So much for the position of of my Ministers in the new House. Tomorrow Friday the debate on the Address commenees. I enclose the copy of a curious letter which has come to me from the States.
It came in a parcel addressed to Mary, packed up with wonderful care, and Prepaid. It is certainly written by some one who knows the carte du pays for the statements are accurate enough in so far as I can test them.
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However, we have not made Papineau Speaker, and, I trust, that we shall be able to keep him at the head of a factions minority: but it will require Some skill and luck to do so. For the present I drop the curtain; when it rises again a fortnight hence I shall have the pleasure of introducing my new set of dramatis persona. Very sineely Yrs. Polk, are the most prominent. When in France he paid court publicly to Louis Philippe, privately to the Republicans, who hope to succeed him.
No state in the Union shewed more anxiety to get rid of Britain than Michigan. He did much to assuage the fears of the Slave holders by the assurances that Britain was more abolutionist than the Canadians, who would, he said, gladly give UP the Slaves to their owners, if 9. Separate Power, or be ruled by the Constitution if admitted into the Confederacy. Gratitude is out of the question. One thing is clear to me. It would be wise to humour the new house to do Something handsome in the way of public Schools — help on real reforms dc reserve knotty questions till after next November.
Sir Francis B. Head set the latter down as the Enemy of England. It is intended to bring in a bill for his Conven- fencei to repeal the U. Canada Statute which requires persons who have resided 1n the U. It might be resemed if it passed the two Houses. Daly in November, Your diiliculties are only commencing, and may Heaven Conduct you safe through them. I send you by this mail a Despatch upon the Emigrant Billl wh. I cannot decide alone. Do you get the Economist in Canada?