After that, he walked to Rome and lived for a year in the organ loft of the small Church in a mountain village, playing the organ. He then tried to live as a hermit on Dartmoor, then went to the Benedictine Prinknash Abbey , before joining the choir of Westminster Cathedral as a Sacristan.
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Along the way, in , on Good Friday, he joined the Secular Franciscan Order but he remained a layman. However, he decided he wanted to be buried in the habit of St. Francis of Assisi. Bradburne's wanderlust was almost coming to the end in , when he wrote to a Jesuit friend in Rhodesia now Zimbabwe. After his arrival, Bradburne told a Franciscan priest that he had three wishes: to help the victims of leprosy , to die a martyr, and to be buried in the Franciscan habit.
He arrived in , went on to become its warden, and remained until his death. Bradburne was urged by his friends to leave but he insisted that he should stay with the lepers. On Sunday, 2 September , the guerrillas came for him.
Accusing him of being an informer, they kidnapped him and then shot him. He died instantly, on 5 September at the age of He was buried in a Franciscan habit, according to his wishes, at the Chishawasha Mission Cemetery, about 18 kilometers 11 miles northeast of Salisbury now Harare. Feature articles on John Bradburne and Mutemwa appeared in the print versions of England's Sunday Telegraph on 23 April and on 28 August and the online version on 14 September Father Slevin commented: "I have no doubt that John died a martyr in his determination to serve his friends, the lepers.
If his martyrdom is accepted, his cause for sainthood could go quite quickly". A service is held in Bradburne's memory at Mutemwa every year, drawing as much as 25, people each time. In a Mass commemorating the 30th anniversary of his death was held at Westminster Cathedral in London, England. A poet, he left behind 6, poems.
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- John Bradburne.
- Making a Beeline Home.
Once the nerve endings are destroyed, the patient feels no pain, and in this way the body's early-warning system is shut down. The oil glands and tear ducts cease to function, and patients are extremely susceptible to burns and infections.
It's a myth that lepers simply "lose" body parts; instead, they develop lesions and serious infections, leading to deformity and, in some cases, the loss of fingers, toes and eyesight. Occasionally, Mutemwa will admit a new leprosy case, but with treatment - a course of pills called multi-drug treatment - the disease can now be halted within six months to a year. Research into the spread of the disease is ongoing, but it is not highly contagious; doctors and nurses are far more likely to contract malaria from their patients than they are leprosy.
Between and , the warden of Mutemwa was a Franciscan missionary called John Bradburne. A poet and mystic who grew up in a middle-class family in Cumbria the playwright Terence Rattigan was a cousin , Bradburne found in Mutemwa the fulfilment of a lifetime's ambition after years spent travelling through Europe, Israel and Asia, looking for some kind of a purpose. He built a thatched chapel at Mutemwa and spent hours writing poetry about the people and the place on a typewriter on the ground. He often appeared less well-nourished than his patients, and called himself "a strange vagabond of God".
When Bradburne clashed with Mutemwa's management committee - there were disputes over money and a proposal to put tags around patients' necks - he was sacked and moved to a tin hut nearby, continuing to visit patients in an unofficial capacity. By the late s, the community had become increasingly isolated from the rest of the country. While Bradburne had little interest in politics, and neither supported nor opposed the African nationalist parties in their guerrilla war against the Rhodesian security forces, he started running into trouble with the locals - bringing himself to the attention of local supporters of Robert Mugabe.
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Neighbouring farmers had been allowing their cattle to graze on Mutemwa's crops of maize, vegetables, bananas and beans, and an old man who attended mass at Bradburne's chapel was shot and killed by guerrillas. On September 2 , Bradburne was abducted by "mujibhas", the eyes and ears of Mugabe's guerrillas, who accused him of being a Rhodesian spy.
Three days later, his body was found by the side of the road - he had been shot. A memorial to Bradburne was erected on a granite hill overlooking Mutemwa, and in England and Zimbabwe there has been a movement to have him canonised though it's safe to assume that this is not an issue high on Mugabe's list.
Another Catholic on the journey home.
On the anniversary of his death this year, 20, Zimbabwean pilgrims visited the site. Today, Mutemwa houses around 38 patients disabled as a result of contracting leprosy when they were younger. Many of them are now very elderly. While there have been new cases of leprosy in Zimbabwe since the s, patients are now commonly treated at home, and so Mutemwa's population has continued to shrink.
In the s, new homes were built for patients, but a monthly grant from the government has recently been terminated and the money now needed to maintain the community comes from the Zimbabwe Leprosy Association and the John Bradburne Memorial Fund. Government health spending is now directed more towards Zimbabwe's growing Aids crisis - in , a community for abandoned children with HIV was established not far from Mutemwa.